16/05/2021 – The Holy Spirit convicts us of sin | Missionary Highlight : Adoniram Judson

Bahan Alkitab: Acts 2: 14-41

Tanggal: 16/05/2021


Reading : Acts 2 : 14 – 47 — Peter’s Sermon
After Jesus’ resurrection and subsequent appearance to His disciples, and Jesus’ Great Commission to his disciples along with the promise of the Holy Spirit, the disciples await the coming of the Holy Spirit on the occasion of the Pentecost in Jerusalem, where many Jews and Judaism converts gather from around the world to celebrate Pentecost.

On Pentecost day itself, the first symbolic descent of the Holy Spirit in tongues of fire begins all of a sudden, and the nearby crowd are astounded. They see and hear of the disciples’ oddly energetic behavior. The most baffling phenomenon is that whatever the disciples of Jesus are saying is heard by the crowd in each of their native tongue. This weird phenomenon leads some onlookers to remark that the disciples are drunk. On this remark Peter stands up and preaches a magnificent sermon of repentance that leads to the immediate repentance of 3000 people.

A dramatic reading of Acts 2: 14-47 can be done, placing emphasis (such as loud voice or rebuking tone) on parts that condemn the audience (mainly Jews) for their sin of being complicit in the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ, who, just a couple of months before was the hottest public sensation in Jerusalem. Peter’s sermon firmly places guilt on the Jewish crowd, for supporting the crucifixion of Jesus directly or indirectly. Recall how the Jewish authorities handed Jesus over to Pilates and the crowd chose Barabbas over Jesus for release, leaving Jesus for dead and on the cruel way to the cross and the grave. “Crucify him!”

Highlights :
Acts 2: 23 “this Jesus, delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men”

Acts 2:36 “Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.”

Such dramatic reading allows us to understand and visualize the convicting power of Peter’s sermon, and illustrates how the Holy Spirit might use a sermon to convict the audience of sin. The children in the audience are encouraged to imagine that they are 1st century Jews in Jerusalem celebrating Pentecost.

Genuine conversion consists of :
Faith (Turn towards God)
Repentance (Turn away from sin)

When a person undergoes conversion, he goes through 4 stages :
he realizes of his sin and error, he is sorrowful for his sin, he regrets his sin, and finally and most importantly, he leaves his sin behind.

This last stage must happen in 2 forms, one is faith towards God, and the other, repentance, a turning away from sin.

The Holy Spirit is always working throughout the conversion process, and most importantly in convicting us of our sin, and the development of a longing towards God and away from sin. The Holy Spirit is the accomplisher of all this work.

Knowing what our sin is is different from being convicted of our sin.
One is only head knowledge and has no power to change our hearts, while the other has the power to change our hearts. One has no saving power, one leads us to salvation.

Although it is good to pray and confess daily before God of the sins we have committed, we should also pray that the Holy Spirit convict us of our sins. Without His work, there would be no conviction and no genuine repentance. A Christian is a Christian not because he has repented before, but is someone who leads a repentant life, that is, to realize that we are not fully free from sin in this life, and that therefore we are never perfect and that we need to keep repenting of our sins.

We should also pray that the Holy Spirit sensitizes us to the sins which escape our attention. This is part of being convicted of our sins.

We should praise God and give thanks to Him for the convicting work that He is always doing in our lives and other people’s lives, so that many more people including our household are saved.

In light of such prayer it is apt to pray and reflect on mission work as well as it concerns the lives of many others.

Missionary Highlight: Adoniram Judson, born 1788

Adoniram Judson and his first wife Ann Judson, Americans,
> married because of the same zeal for overseas missions
> Judson was inspired to do mission work in Asia by Claudius Buchanan‘s sermon “The Star in the East.”
> Judson established the first foreign missions board in America.

The Mission to Burma (Myanmar) 1813
> 3 years of difficult sea journey… in which their first child died.
> When they arrived in 1813, started learning Burmese. Judson and wife became Baptist. 3 more years of learning burmese. he was able to convert Moung Nau , the first convert. Moung Nau converted his 2 friends. Judson and wife gave their first Baptist Lord’s supper / Eucharist to Burmese people.
> Their second child died. They had to learn to rely on God more and more.
> Just after 6 years of ministry in burma, they built the first Baptist church in burma, with 10 members.
> They relocated to the capital city of the Burmese Kingdom, Ava. Judson was caught on suspicion that he was a British spy, and was put into a death camp (there was war between the British and the Burmese Kingdom.)
> He was tortured every day for almost two years, but his wife was persistent, brave, bringing food to her husband every day. She had to bribe the guards to feed him. She was herself sick and starving during this period, while feeding her toddler
> The war ended and he was released
> They started moving up the mountains of Burma … to minister to the Karen (keh’yen) people, a mountain tribe in Burma.
> But soon after, Ann died to disease, and their daughter too died. Judson lost everything in his life.
> He suffered from depression and isolated himself in the jungle, a jungle full of tigers, for 40 days surviving on a small amount of rice rations. He dug his own grave many times thinking to end his life. But in this jungle, he asked some of the greatest existential questions about life to God, including the reason he lives, whether he was in God’s will … et cetera.
> But he came out of the jungle and depression, and he came out stronger with a resolve. God protected him from all the dangers of the jungle and from the destructive powers of depression .
> He converted a Karen slave named Ko Tha Byu. This person was important because he became a powerful evangelist that converted hundreds of Karen people, his own people.
> Judson also started work translating the Bible. Within 10 years, he finished translating the whole Bible into Burmese. This translation is one of Judson’s most important works, which is held as an example for mission work today.
> He married another time. Soon by 1837 there were 1200 believers in burma.

God used Judson all the way through his sufferings to reach the lost in Burma, one of the first countries in Southeast Asia to be visited by Protestant missionaries. At this time China was not even evangelized at large scale yet ! Protestant missionaries would come to China starting 1840’s, and Hudson Taylor in 1866.

God continues to work around the world today, calling missionaries and workers of the gospel, and it could be any of us.

soli deo gloria

Readings on Adoniram Judson, early American Baptist Missionary to Burma (Myanmar) and the Karen tribe :
https://bethanygu.edu/blog/stories/adoniram-and-ann-judson/ (Primary)

Judson, Adoniram (1788-1850)

Missionaries You Should Know: Adoniram Judson

Ayat Hafalan:

Acts 2 : 37
Now when they heard this they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?”

Bahan Tambahan:


Guru:Marcel Prasetyo

09/05/2021 – On the Road to Emmaus

Bahan Alkitab: Luke 24:13-35. Tokoh missionary: William Careyo

Tanggal: 09/05/2021


Last week you learned about Peter’s confession about who Jesus is. Jesus asked His disciples, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?” His disciples answered, “Some say John the Baptist, others say Elijah, others say Jeremiah or one of the prophets.” Jesus asked again, “But who do you say that I am?” Peter replied, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”

What makes someone to be able to give such answer? That Jesus is the Christ. Christ means “the anointed one”, the Messiah, the Saviour. Not everyone is able to proclaim that Christ is his/her Saviour. What makes someone believes that Christ is his/her Saviour? That is the work of the Holy Spirit.

The Holy Spirit is one the three Persons in the Triune God: God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. God the Father elected (chose) His people, the Son (Jesus Christ) redeemed His people, the Holy Spirit applied salvation. What does it mean: the Holy Spirit applied salvation? It means the Holy Spirit applies God’s salvation in our heart. When we hear the gospel, the Word of God, the Holy Spirit works in our heart, regenerates our heart, gives us a new heart, a heart that realises our sins, we grieve over our sins and we repent. We turn to God and turn away from evil.

I want to emphasise on sin. It is important for someone to realise his sins not just about all the wrongdoings that he has made, but actually it’s more about his spiritual sinful state. We are all born in sinful state, every intention of the thoughts of our hearts is only evil all the time. We are not capable of being righteous because we have broken relationship with God. So, if God does not save us from this sinful state, our life direction will never go towards God, but will go to eternal death instead.

So, the role of the Holy Spirit is very, very important. The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of truth, so when we hear the Word of God, the Truth, the Holy Spirit makes us realise our sins and enable us to believe in the Truth we heard and accept Jesus Christ as our Saviour.

Do you remember the story of the two disciples that were on their way to Emmaus after Jesus’ resurrection? Let’s read from Luke 24:13-35.

The two disciples said to each other, “Did not our hearts burn within us while he talked to us on the road, while He opened to us the Scriptures?” When Jesus told them the Scriptures, the Truth, the Word of God, the Holy Spirit worked in their hearts and helped them to understand and believe the Word of God. So, the Holy Spirit will teach us all things of the Word of God. The Holy Spirit testifies about Jesus Christ and when the Holy Spirit is at work, He also makes us want to testify about Jesus Christ.

Luke 24:33 – And they rose that same hour and returned to Jerusalem. What made them return to Jerusalem that very hour after they had travelled seven miles (11km) to Emmaus. Because they wanted to testify about Jesus! They proclaimed to the others in Luke 24:34 – “The Lord has risen indeed”

The same Holy Spirit who exists from eternity to eternity, continues to work throughout centuries, from the first century until today the 21st century. The Holy Spirit moved the apostles in the first century to go to everywhere and testify about Jesus Christ. The Holy Spirit moved many different people to do the same throughout centuries. Last week you learned about David Brainerd, an American missionary to the Native Americans in the 18th century. This week I will introduce you to William Carey, an English missionary to the Indians in the late 18th century.

William Carey:

· Born 17 August 1761 in England

· Died 9 June 1834 in India

· Carey is known as the “father of modern missions”. He devoted his entire life to the service of God.

· During this early life Carey earned a living as a cobbler, but was eventually converted at the age of 18 and became a pastor at the age of 26.

· He was renowned for his linguistic talents. He taught himself Hebrew, Italian, Dutch, and French, often reading while working on the shoes.

· At age 31, he published his groundbreaking missionary book that consists of five parts:

o theological justification for missionary activity

o history of missionary activity, beginning with the early Church and ending with David Brainerd and John Wesley

o tables of areas, population, and religion statistics for every country in the world

o answers objections to sending missionaries

o calls for the formation by the Baptist denomination of a missionary society

· His most famous quotation: Expect great things from God; attempt great things for God.

· At age 32, together with his wife and four children, Carey went to India. He spent 41 years in India.

· His works:

o Bible teaching and translation:

§ He translated the Bible into Bengali, Oriya, Marathi, Hindi, Assamese, Sanskrit and parts of it into other dialects and languages.

o Education:

§ Carey started Sunday Schools in which children learned to read using the Bible as their textbook.

§ Carey opened, at his own cost, what is considered the first primary school in all of India. The public school system that Carey initiated expanded to include girls in an era when the education of the female was considered unthinkable.

§ Carey and his team produced textbooks, dictionaries, classical literature and other publications which served primary school children, college-level students and the general public.

o Ministry:

§ He founded Serampore College to train indigenous ministers for the growing church and to provide education in the arts and sciences to anyone regardless of caste or country.

o Social order:

§ He helped to rid India of a number of barbaric practices including child marriage, human sacrifices and helped many children, orphans and widows to create new and fulfilling lives.

o Agriculture:

§ He had a great interest in botany and plant cultivation. He helped to found the Agri-Horticultural Society of India in the 1820’s, and wrote many of the earliest essays on forest management and plant conservation.

§ Carey also helped to introduce cultivation of coffee and gave prizes for the best cultivators and growers. He introduced European fruits to the region, and created better conditions and methods for growing indigenous fruits.

William Carey used the gifts that the Holy Spirit gave him to glorify Jesus and put forth His message within the world, although he had to go through many hard times in harsh environment in India. It is the Holy Spirit that moves him to continue to witness for God, not only in sharing the gospel but also in society with his works in education, plant cultivation, social order, and humanity.

We are grateful to God for He continues to send His servants all over the world that until today we can still hear the Word of God.

Application / Group discussion:

· How do you appreciate every opportunity to listen to the Word of God?

· Do you want God to use you to be His witness to proclaim the gospel and share God’s love to others?

· Would you be afraid being God’s witness? If no, why?

Ayat Hafalan:

John 15:26-27
John 15:26-27

[26] “But when the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will bear witness about me. [27] And you also will bear witness, because you have been with me from the beginning.

Guru:Lilis Ramli

21/03/2021 – Jesus is praised

Bahan Alkitab: Matthew 21:1-17; Luke 19:39-44

Tanggal: 21/03/2021


Jesus was praised when He entered Jerusalem riding on a donkey colt. The same people who praised Him may well be the same people who cursed and said “crucify Him” Jesus welcomed the children who praised Him when the blinded pharisees told Jesus to rebuke those who praised Him. When was the last time we praise God?
1. The saved child will praise Jesus each day, continuously, as Lord over all.
2. We cannot really praise Jesus until we understand fully and trust Him as Saviour.
3. Jesus deserves all our praise.
Let us praise Him continuously with our heart and with our lips while we witness Him to the world.

Ayat Hafalan:

Psalm 34:1 I will bless the Lord at all times, His praise shall continually be in my mouth.
Psalm 34:1 I will bless the Lord at all times, His praise shall continually be in my mouth.

Bahan Tambahan:


Guru:Sandra Kurniawan

14/03/2021 – Mary anoints Jesus at Bethany

Bahan Alkitab: Matthew 26:6-13, Mark 14:3-9, John 12:1-8

Tanggal: 14/03/2021


Jesus raised Lazarus from the death at Bethany. Many of the jewish people who had seen what Jesus did, believed in him, but some of them went to the Pharisees and told them what Jesus had done. So the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered the council and plot the killing of Jesus Christ. They are afraid people will follow Jesus and leave the Jewish religion and their tradition.

Read John 12:1-8

Six days before the Passover Jesus came to Bethany , where Lazarus was ,whom Jesus had raised from the dead so they gave a dinner for Him . Mary took a pound of expensive perfume (Nard), broke the Alabaster bottle and pour it to Jesus’ feet and wipe it with her hair. Judas Iscariot who saw this made remark that she was wasting an expensive perfume which is worth 320 Denaris, 1 year wage as 1 Denari equal to 1 day wage. he suggested the money could help the poor. Not that he cares about the poor but he is a thief , he often steal from the offering box.
Jesus defend Mary and said leave her alone , what she did is to prepare my burial. Everytime the Gospel is proclaimed , what she did is mentioned.

Jesus see the heart of men , he praised what Mary did as he wanted to let his disciples know that he has to die .
Mary is preparing him before he is crucified. Jesus is the Passover Lamb as pointed by John the Baptist.
Why did the israelites celebrate Passover? God told them to remind their children and their grandchildren to remember that they were slaves in Egypt and God saved them out so that they could worship Him. They are to kill a perfect animal (lamb) and to paint the blood on the door frames. If the Angel of death sees the blood , the angel will pass over the house and they are saved. otherwise their first born of the family and the first born of their cattle will die. Jesus is The Lamb of God who will take away the sin of the world. John 1:29 Whoever believe in Him will not perished but will have eternal life. We are saved only through faith in Jesus Christ for His blood washed away our sins, He is the sacrificial lamb.

Jesus also the King of all Kings. God promised to send us a Messiah . He is a descendants of King David (Matthew 1:1) and from the tribe of Judah. The name Jesus Christ means Jesus the anointed one. King is also anointed by God. Jesus said in John 18:36 My kingdom is not of this world.

Compare Judas reaction vs Mary’s :

Mary – give everything she has, in those days a woman does not work outside. She probably does not have a salary , all she has is probably from her parents or if she is married, it is from her husband . so a pound of Nard is probably the most precious thing she has, and she gave it toJesus and wiped is with her hair . It is a grateful gesture, generous , respect , humble and love shown to Jesus as her King and God.

Judas- the saddest thing he has followed Jesus during His ministry , saw all the miracles and listen to His words. At the end Judas betrayed Jesus Christ and did not received Him as his saviour and God. That is the saddest thing for us also if we are in the church , we grow up in the church , listening to sunday school every week but at the end we do not accept Jesus Christ as our saviour , we don’t know him as we do not pay attention to His words.

Jesus is not only the Passover Lamb , He is the perfect High Priest whom on our behalf bring himself to God the Father to be the sacrificed for our sins. when he resurrected from the dead , he reigned as King .He is reigning in the hearts of those who believes just like Mary.

So who is Jesus Christ to us?
Is he our saviour?
Is he the King in our hearts?

Maria gave everything she has to Jesus.
What do we give to Him?
What do you have now?
– Attention
– Talents

Ask ourselves;
Do we want to follow Maria ?
-grateful heart, humble , generous.
Do we often follow Judas?
-greedy , love the world, thief, he betrayed Jesus Christ for money.
Jesus also said in

Ayat Hafalan:

John 1:29
The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him and said “behold the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world .

Guru:Yulies Tan

07/03/2021 – Jesus Raises Lazarus

Bahan Alkitab: John 11:1-44

Tanggal: 07/03/2021


Jesus Raises Lazarus

John 11:1-44

Lazarus was the brother of Mary and Martha who lived in a village called Bethany. Jesus first visited Mary and Martha after his transfiguration. Remember the story that Martha was so busy serving and Mary sat quietly listening to Jesus’s teaching and then Martha complained to Jesus? Not long after that Lazarus was ill. So the sisters sent messages to Jesus that Lazarus was ill. But when Jesus heard it He said, “This illness does not lead to death. It is for the glory of God, so that the Son of God may be glorified through it.” – John 11:4

The Son of God would be glorified through what happened to Lazarus:

· The miracle displays the glory of God (who alone can raise the dead), because Jesus is the life and resurrection.

· This event initiate events leading to the cross. The cross is the place where the Son of God is humiliated but also glorified because His holy sacrifice is accepted by God and He is seated at the right hand of God the Father.

The resurrection of Lazarus from the dead is the final miracle before the cross, to signify that Jesus is the true God. It is also to strengthen the disciples’ faith that Jesus Christ is the Messiah, the promised Saviour, and Son of God. It is very important at that moment of time that the disciples’ faith is strengthened because Jesus would leave the world soon and they would carry on Jesus’ work in the world by preaching the gospel, proclaiming the only way to salvation is through Jesus Christ.

Lazarus was already 4 days in the tomb when Jesus arrived (one day for the journey of the messengers from Bethany to Jesus, the two days when Jesus remained where He was, and a day for Jesus’ journey to Bethany). Many Jews believed that the soul remained near the body for three days after death in the hope of returning to it. If this idea was in the minds of the people around Mary and Martha, they obviously thought all hope was gone, Lazarus was permanently dead.

When Martha went out to meet Jesus, she said “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died. But even now I know that whatever you ask from God, God will give you.”

Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.”

Martha said to him, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.”

Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. Whoever believes in me, though he die, yet shall he live, and everyone who lives and believes in me shall never die. Do you believe this?” – John 11:25-26

Here, Jesus proclaimed He is the resurrection and the life. There are no religion founders who proclaimed they are the resurrection or they are the life. Jesus is the only One who said it and He was about to perform a miracle that showed He is the resurrection and the life! That He has power over death and has the power to give eternal life to all who believe in Him. Because Jesus knows He is to accomplish God’s salvation plan. He knew after raising Lazarus from the dead, He would be on His way to Jerusalem, to accomplish God’s plan on the cross, to die for us as our substitute.

Only through the cross there is salvation. Salvation is fully and perfectly accomplished in Jesus Christ (through Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross).

Man, by his fall, became ignorant, guilty, and sinful.

· Ignorant: man doesn’t have true knowledge because human reasoning has been polluted by sin, the way of thinking has been polluted by sin, no longer care about true knowledge of God, but rely on own understanding and knowledge.

· Guilty: man doesn’t obey and carry out God’s law and commandments anymore.

· Sinful: man doesn’t live a holy life anymore but following own lustful desires.

Man can be saved only when:

· This ignorance is replaced by true knowledge

· The guilt replaced by righteousness

· The sinfulness by holiness

Conversion of a lost sinner:

· We must know that none can teach us except Christ, by His Word and Holy Spirit. We must know our own sin and misery, and the work of Christ as the only remedy.

o Our ignorance removed by His Word

· We must realise our need for the cleansing blood of Christ and that Christ’s sacrifice is sufficient.

o Our guilt removed by His sacrificial blood

· We must cease to live a life of slavery to sin by receiving Christ.

o Our sinful desires brought more and more under His ruling power.

· In other words, we are saved only if, and when, Christ alone becomes our prophet, priest and king.

o Our feelings, our will, along with our knowledge are changed.

Do you:

· Do you want to accept the teaching of Christ?

· Do you realise that you need the cleansing blood of Christ?

· Do you want to cease life of slavery to sin?

· Do you want to exercise of discipline, allowing Christ to govern every aspect of your life as your king?

We praise Jesus because He is the king of our life. We praise Him not because not only he did something good for us, but he gives us life. He is the eternal king, the righteous king, who has eternal power. On the second coming of Christ there will be resurrected body. We will be resurrected with a perfect body in eternity with God, but until then, we are to live our lives as faithful followers of Christ and glorifying God.

Ayat Hafalan:

John 11:25-26
“I am the resurrection and the life. Whoever believes in me, though he die, yet shall he live, and everyone who lives and believes in me shall never die. Do you believe this?”

Guru:Lilis Ramli

21/02/2021 – Jude

Bahan Alkitab: Jude, Hebrew 4:12-16, 2 Thessalonians 2:10, Hebrew 10:9, 2 Peter 2:1-22, 1 John 2:18-23

Tanggal: 21/02/2021


God judges False teachers , believers must not only resist false teaching and immorality but also defend the faith and pursue devotion to God, confident that God will keep them.

Jude was written by Jude
The brother of Jesus Christ and James (Mathew 13:55, Mark 6:3)
But Jude called himself a servant of Jesus Christ to show his humility.
Written in mid 60’s AD
He became a believer after Jesus Christ resurrected.

Main points of Jude:
1. The church must contend the one true Faith
2. Christians must persevere to the end by resisting false teachers and follow the Truth until the end.

Christ has accomplish salvation , believers are to hold fast to Him and reject false ways.
vs 3 Christians must defend the doctrines of faith
Jude remind us 3 groups of people that receive judgement:
1. The Israelites who do not believe in God’s promised
2. The fallen angels , satan and his followers.
3. Sodom and Gomorah.

False teachers will be judged like them .Therefore we have to distinguish truth from lies.
1. They are in the church .Ephesians 2:8-9
2. They took this excuse to live immoral lives . we cannot keep sinning . If we keep sinning , the spirit of God is not in us. 1John 3:24.
vs 8
False teachers
1. relying on their dreams
2. Defile the flesh
3. Reject authority
4. Blaspheme the Glorious ones
Do not believe teachers who said they have spoken to God in their dreams . Pastors and teachers only teach the word of God, the bible which is the highest authority in Christian teaching. Sola scripture.
Charismatic and Catholic teachings are different . Dreams and what Pope said can be the authority of their doctrine.

During Jude time Gnostics tried to influence Christians doctrine in our belief of Jesus Christ.Gnostic believe material such as body is bad , spirit is good. This is contradicting the teaching of The Gospel. Jesus Christ is God incarnate into flesh , He has human body but He does not sin. He is also God therefore He could die on the cross to substitute for us so that we don’t have to be punished from eternal death . Our sins is forgiven , we are declared righteous and given eternal live solely by Grace through Jesus Christ.
Gnostics believe that spirit is good contradicting what Christians teaching about Satan . Satan is fallen angels who rebelled against God and they are spirits.

Therefore they deny our Master and Lord Jesus Christ.
Acts 2:36
Let all the house of Israel therefore know for certain that God has made him both Lord and Christ,this Jesus whom you crucified.
Romans 10:9
Because ,if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.

Again Jude warned us to wrong teachings that could kill our soul. He gave examples:
1. In the case of Cain and Abel. Cain kill Abel but cannot kill his soul.
2. In Case of Balaam . He cannot curse The Israelites but then He was successful to trick them with Moabites and Midianites women so they will worship foreign gods . This is abomination against God.
If they do not worship the true God then they will be perished , lost their souls, this is the most frightening.
Jude also remind the prophesy of end time vs 14,15,16. When Jesus come again the second time.

What must we do ?
VS 21,22,23.

To God be the Glory.

1. Who is Jude?
2. How do you identify false teachers?
3. Have you ever met another Christian who has a different teaching as told in GRII?
4. What is your response?

Ayat Hafalan:

Hebrew 10:10
And by that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

Guru:Yuies Tan

28/02/2021 – Summary of Revelation

Bahan Alkitab: Revelation 1-3

Tanggal: 28/02/2021


The revelation of the risen Christ and John’s commissioning
Overview of the Seven Churches

Ayat Hafalan:

Revelation 1:7
Behold, He is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see Him, even those who pierced Him, and all tribes of the earth will wail on account of Him. Even So. Amen

Bahan Tambahan:


Guru:Didi Kurniawan

07/02/2021 – Knowing we belong to Christ

Bahan Alkitab: 1 John

Tanggal: 07/02/2021


1 John – Knowing We Belong to Christ

The book of 1 John was written by John, son of Zebedee, a fisherman, whom Jesus called to be one of His disciples. Apostle John was one of Jesus’ inner circle (together with James and Peter).

It was written circa 85AD


– To expose false teachers
1 John 2:26 – I write these things to you about those who are trying to deceive you

– To give believers assurance of salvation
1 John 5:13 – I write these things to you who believe in the name of Son of God, that you may know that you have eternal life.

One of the most dangerous heresies of the first three centuries of the church was Gnosticism. Its central teaching was that spirit is entirely good and matter is entirely evil.

Apostle John fought against this false teaching in his old age. He emphasised on the genuine Word of God, obedience to the Word of God and having the fruit of faith, that is love.

Gnosticism has its root from the philosophy of Plato. It has mainly five main errors:

1. Man’s body, which is matter, is therefore evil. It is to be contrasted with God, who is wholly spirit and therefore good.

2. Christ’s true humanity was denied in two ways:

a. Christ only seemed to have a body, a view called Docetism, from the Greek dokeo (“to seem”)

b. The divine Christ joined the man Jesus at baptism and left Him when He was crucified, a view called Cerinthianism, after the most prominent spokesman, Cerinthus.

John corrected this unbiblical teaching that Jesus Christ who was baptised and crucified is the same being, and Jesus Christ did have a body, that he had seen, heard, touched, so not only “seemed” to have a body.

1 John 1:1 – That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we looked upon and have touched with our hands, concerning the word of life.

1 John 2:22 – Who is the liar but he who denies that Jesus is the Christ? This is the antichrist, he who denies the Father and the Son.

1 John 4:2-3 – By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, and every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God. This is the spirit of the antichrist, which you heard was coming and now is in the world already.

3. Salvation is the escape from the body, achieved not by faith in Christ but by special knowledge. The Greek word for “knowledge” is gnosis, hence Gnosticism. This special knowledge is deemed higher than the Scripture itself. No knowledge is higher than the Word of God as we learn in Sola Scriptura:

a. The Bible is the only perfect rule of faith and practice

b. All truth necessary for our salvation and spiritual life is taught in the Bible

4. Since the body was considered evil, it was to be treated harshly. This leads to asceticism.

5. Breaking God’s law with the body has no moral consequences and not related at all to the spirit. The reasoning was that since matter is considered evil anyway, so we can commit sins with our body and don’t need to worry about the consequences. This leads to people living ungodly life and believe that is acceptable.

Not only that Gnosticism denied Christ’s true humanity but also denied the complete work of Christ on the cross. Jesus Christ incarnated to be true human with flesh and blood, so that He can die and through His sacrifice and death:

· He destroyed satan who has the power of death

· free all those from sin slavery

· He presented His body as the holy sacrifice in the service of God to cleanse the sins of his people

· so that we can be reconciled to God, be “at one”, in harmony, with God. This is called atonement. The word “atonement” is from the Middle English attone or atoon (“agreed”, literally “at one”).

So, believers in Christ can be certain about having eternal life because Christ has reconciled us to God through his sacrifice on the cross.

1 John 5:11-12 – And this is the testimony, that God gave us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. Whoever has the Son has life; whoever does not have the Son of God does not have life.

Now, after Christians have faith in God, how can they live out their faith? Christians show their faith by:

· having sound doctrine, that is believing the truth about Jesus Christ

· testimony of genuine faith is obeying God’s commands
John 14:15 – If you love me, you will keep my commandments.
1 John 2:3 – And by this we know that we have come to know him, if we keep his commandments.
1 John 2:4 – Whoever says “I know him” but does not keep his commandments is a liar, and the truth is not in him

· confirmation of genuine faith is demonstrating love for one another.
1 John 3:8-10 – No one born of God makes a practice of sinning, for God’s seed abides in him; and he cannot keep on sinning, because he has been born of God. Whoever does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor is the one who does not love his brother.
1 John 3:23 – And this is his commandment, that we believe in the name of his Son Jesus Christ and love one another, just as he has commanded us.
1 John 4:21 – And this commandment we have from him: whoever loves God must also love his brother.

Let me use a tree to illustrate faith and how people know we have faith in Christ.

A tree’s roots is faith. A tree’s roots extend deep into the soil and beyond the base of the trunk. When a tree’s root system is healthy and strong, the tree produces a larger harvest. Your faith is like a tree’s roots. In order to produce healthier (and more) spiritual fruit, your faith must be deep and wide. In order to have a deep and wide faith, you must have:

· the right teaching of the Word of God

· obey God’s commandments:

o apply God’s Word in your daily lives, put these teachings into practice

o when tested by God in some circumstances, obey God’s commandments

We don’t see a tree’s roots because they are underneath the soil, but we see a tree’s fruit. A tree’s fruit is love. Likewise, people don’t see our faith, but people will know our faith in Christ when they see us demonstrating love for one another. We can love because we have the source of love, we are attached to the source of love, God Himself. If we don’t show love, if we don’t channel God’s love to others, then it is questionable: do we truly have faith in God?

Reflection / application:

· Is your faith in Jesus Christ reflected in the way you treat other people around you?

· Do you care for your siblings, for your mother and father? How can you show that you care for them?

· How can you show that you love your parents?

· How can you channel God’s love to others?

Ayat Hafalan:

1 John 5:11-12
And this is the testimony, that God gave us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. Whoever has the Son has life; whoever does not have the Son of God does not have life.

Guru:Lilis Ramli

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