Bahan Alkitab: 2 & 3 John
Please see attached pdf.
3 John 1:4
I have no greater joy than to hear that my children are walking in the truth.
Bahan Alkitab: 2 & 3 John
Please see attached pdf.
3 John 1:4
I have no greater joy than to hear that my children are walking in the truth.
Bahan Alkitab: 1 John
1 John – Knowing We Belong to Christ
The book of 1 John was written by John, son of Zebedee, a fisherman, whom Jesus called to be one of His disciples. Apostle John was one of Jesus’ inner circle (together with James and Peter).
It was written circa 85AD
– To expose false teachers
1 John 2:26 – I write these things to you about those who are trying to deceive you
– To give believers assurance of salvation
1 John 5:13 – I write these things to you who believe in the name of Son of God, that you may know that you have eternal life.
One of the most dangerous heresies of the first three centuries of the church was Gnosticism. Its central teaching was that spirit is entirely good and matter is entirely evil.
Apostle John fought against this false teaching in his old age. He emphasised on the genuine Word of God, obedience to the Word of God and having the fruit of faith, that is love.
Gnosticism has its root from the philosophy of Plato. It has mainly five main errors:
1. Man’s body, which is matter, is therefore evil. It is to be contrasted with God, who is wholly spirit and therefore good.
2. Christ’s true humanity was denied in two ways:
a. Christ only seemed to have a body, a view called Docetism, from the Greek dokeo (“to seem”)
b. The divine Christ joined the man Jesus at baptism and left Him when He was crucified, a view called Cerinthianism, after the most prominent spokesman, Cerinthus.
John corrected this unbiblical teaching that Jesus Christ who was baptised and crucified is the same being, and Jesus Christ did have a body, that he had seen, heard, touched, so not only “seemed” to have a body.
1 John 1:1 – That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we looked upon and have touched with our hands, concerning the word of life.
1 John 2:22 – Who is the liar but he who denies that Jesus is the Christ? This is the antichrist, he who denies the Father and the Son.
1 John 4:2-3 – By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, and every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God. This is the spirit of the antichrist, which you heard was coming and now is in the world already.
3. Salvation is the escape from the body, achieved not by faith in Christ but by special knowledge. The Greek word for “knowledge” is gnosis, hence Gnosticism. This special knowledge is deemed higher than the Scripture itself. No knowledge is higher than the Word of God as we learn in Sola Scriptura:
a. The Bible is the only perfect rule of faith and practice
b. All truth necessary for our salvation and spiritual life is taught in the Bible
4. Since the body was considered evil, it was to be treated harshly. This leads to asceticism.
5. Breaking God’s law with the body has no moral consequences and not related at all to the spirit. The reasoning was that since matter is considered evil anyway, so we can commit sins with our body and don’t need to worry about the consequences. This leads to people living ungodly life and believe that is acceptable.
Not only that Gnosticism denied Christ’s true humanity but also denied the complete work of Christ on the cross. Jesus Christ incarnated to be true human with flesh and blood, so that He can die and through His sacrifice and death:
· He destroyed satan who has the power of death
· free all those from sin slavery
· He presented His body as the holy sacrifice in the service of God to cleanse the sins of his people
· so that we can be reconciled to God, be “at one”, in harmony, with God. This is called atonement. The word “atonement” is from the Middle English attone or atoon (“agreed”, literally “at one”).
So, believers in Christ can be certain about having eternal life because Christ has reconciled us to God through his sacrifice on the cross.
1 John 5:11-12 – And this is the testimony, that God gave us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. Whoever has the Son has life; whoever does not have the Son of God does not have life.
Now, after Christians have faith in God, how can they live out their faith? Christians show their faith by:
· having sound doctrine, that is believing the truth about Jesus Christ
· testimony of genuine faith is obeying God’s commands
John 14:15 – If you love me, you will keep my commandments.
1 John 2:3 – And by this we know that we have come to know him, if we keep his commandments.
1 John 2:4 – Whoever says “I know him” but does not keep his commandments is a liar, and the truth is not in him
· confirmation of genuine faith is demonstrating love for one another.
1 John 3:8-10 – No one born of God makes a practice of sinning, for God’s seed abides in him; and he cannot keep on sinning, because he has been born of God. Whoever does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor is the one who does not love his brother.
1 John 3:23 – And this is his commandment, that we believe in the name of his Son Jesus Christ and love one another, just as he has commanded us.
1 John 4:21 – And this commandment we have from him: whoever loves God must also love his brother.
Let me use a tree to illustrate faith and how people know we have faith in Christ.
A tree’s roots is faith. A tree’s roots extend deep into the soil and beyond the base of the trunk. When a tree’s root system is healthy and strong, the tree produces a larger harvest. Your faith is like a tree’s roots. In order to produce healthier (and more) spiritual fruit, your faith must be deep and wide. In order to have a deep and wide faith, you must have:
· the right teaching of the Word of God
· obey God’s commandments:
o apply God’s Word in your daily lives, put these teachings into practice
o when tested by God in some circumstances, obey God’s commandments
We don’t see a tree’s roots because they are underneath the soil, but we see a tree’s fruit. A tree’s fruit is love. Likewise, people don’t see our faith, but people will know our faith in Christ when they see us demonstrating love for one another. We can love because we have the source of love, we are attached to the source of love, God Himself. If we don’t show love, if we don’t channel God’s love to others, then it is questionable: do we truly have faith in God?
Reflection / application:
· Is your faith in Jesus Christ reflected in the way you treat other people around you?
· Do you care for your siblings, for your mother and father? How can you show that you care for them?
· How can you show that you love your parents?
· How can you channel God’s love to others?
1 John 5:11-12
And this is the testimony, that God gave us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. Whoever has the Son has life; whoever does not have the Son of God does not have life.
Bahan Alkitab: 2 Peter
The year is 64 AD – Against the backdrop of the church persecution in Nero’s time, Christians are facing difficulties, at least in Rome. Peter is captured and thrown into prison in Rome, as scapegoat for Emperor Nero’s own selfish action of burning the city of Rome. (Great Fire of Rome) Where is Jesus? This whole story is narrated in a lively way for about 5 minutes.
But Peter knows the end of his life is coming, and Jesus has not broken his promise even so – he will still return soon.
Children learn that in this letter:
Theory / Cognitive
• Peter says farewell 2 Peter 1:13-15
• We belong to the eternal kingdom of Jesus, we’ll enter this kingdom. 1:10-11
• Even though the worldly Roman kingdom or empire is harsh
• Jesus will make sure we get there 1:16 (Jesus’ power makes us believe that Jesus will not break his promise)
• The false teachers may be winning now 2:1-3
• But God will punish them in the end 2:1-3
• Peter asks them to remember these: 1:12-15
o Reading through 2 Peter 1:3-15
o Highlight verses
“His divine power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us to his own glory and excellence,”
2 Peter 1:3
“Therefore, beloved, since you are waiting for these [new creation of heaven and earth], be diligent to be found by him without spot or blemish, and at peace. … grow in the grace and [in the] knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be the glory both now and to the day of eternity. Amen” 2 Peter 3:14, 18
• Explanation of the above verses is below
Feelings / Affective
Children learn a virtuous circle:
a. To please Jesus, we do our best to add growth to our character
b. To add growth to our character, we do our best to know Jesus more.
c. Knowing Jesus more makes us want to please Jesus
It is also emphasized verbally that this virtuous circle must keep being pursued so that it sounds like:
a. To please Jesus, [never be satisfied until] we do our best to add growth to our character
b. To add growth to our character, [never be satisfied until] we do our best to know Jesus more.
c. Knowing Jesus more makes us want to please Jesus
Practice / Psychomotoric
In addition to the above virtuous circle as a principle to be learned,
children learn to imitate a selection of qualities of Jesus (Jesus’ character) which Peter learned from throughout his life with Jesus, through an extended, sharply summarized retelling of these events (10-15 minutes) :
(i) Peter accepts Jesus’ call to follow him
(ii) Peter learned to know Jesus more (Peter’s walk with Jesus and other disciples for 3 years)
(iii) Peter still doesn’t want to risk his life (after confessing that Jesus is Messiah)
(iv) Peter denies Jesus three times
(v) “Peter, do you love me?” (Resurrection appearance)
(vi) Peter became brave (Start of Book of Acts, and from then on)
2 Peter 1:3
His divine power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us to his own glory and excellence,
Bahan Alkitab: 1 Peter
1 Peter 3:15
15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, and always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear.
Bahan Alkitab: James 1-5
So also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead.
Bahan Alkitab: Leviticus( priesthood and sacrificial system),Habakuk @:3,4, Proverb 3:11,12, Exodus 19,20. Hebrews 10-13.
Hebrews is written to Jewish Christians believers.
– The purpose is to have faith in the Gospel.
-To have faith in the heart of the Gospel which is Jesus Christ.
The Jews who is now Christians are familiar with the priesthood and sacrificial system of Judaism.
Moses lead them out of Egypt so that they are free from slavery and are able to worship God.
Therefore when they were out of Egypt , God told Moses to erect The Tabernacle- a portable temple . This is where God meet the Israelites once a year for the atonement of their sins.
There is 2 places inside : the Holy Place and Holy of Holies.
Only the consecrated High Priest can enter Holy of Holies, no one can enter, The High Priest has to be descendant of Aaron. once a year He will bring the blood of sacrificial animals for the forgiveness of the people.
Israel’s sin had continually interrupted God’s fellowship with His chosen people and Covenant people Israel.
Therefore ,He graciously established a system of sacrifice that symbolically represented the inner repentance of sinners and His Divine forgiveness. However the need for sacrifices never ended because the people and priest continued to sin .The need of all mankind was for a perfect priest and a perfect sacrifice that would once and for all actually remove sin. God’s provision for that perfect priest and sacrifice in Christ is the central message of Hebrews. Believers in Christ, as God’s perfect sacrifice for sin, have the perfect High Priest thru whose ministry everything is new and better than under the Covenant of law.
Christ is our perfect High Priest.
1. He is the only mediator between God and sinners. 1 Timothy 2:5
2. He sacrificed himself on the cross. He is the perfect lamb of God, John 1:29.
3. He redeemed His people through His own blood. Hebrews 9:12
4. Christ’s sacrifice once for all. Hebrews 10:10
We have confidence to enter the Holy Place by the blood of Jesus.we can pray , we can call Him our Father in Heaven. We can worship Him. We can read His words in the bible. because we have accepted Jesus Christ as our Saviour and Lord and The Holy Spirit is in us.
How should we live?
We should live by faith. The righteous shall live by faith.
What is Faith?
Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for , the conviction of things not seen.
In the Bible who lives by Faith .Abraham
God made his promised to Abraham. Genesis 12:1-3
1. God will make Abraham a big Nation
2. God will make his name great.
3. His offspring will become a blessing to all people.
How does Hebrews say we should live our lives now as a Christians in this world ?
we are to live as if we are running in a race . We need to lay aside weight and sin .Hebrews 12:1-2
Hebrews remind us to 1. Fix our eyes in Jesus Christ. 2. Live by faith.
we are so easily distracted , easily conform to the world . Do we dare to be different.
Teacher show student pictures of Tattoo that is more and more acceptable by the people . It is regarded as work of Arts .What did the bible say about this .
1 Corinthians 6:19-20
Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own, for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body.
Our body is important , we have to take care of our body too . we need to eat healthy, exercise ,do not abuse your body . It will be resurrected when Jesus Christ comes again the second time therefore our body is important , our spiritual lives is also important . We need to know the Words. When Satan tempted Adam and Eve , satan twisted the Word of God. Jesus when tempted He also used the Word written in the OT to chase away Satan.
I appeal to you therefore brothers, by the mercies of God,to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God,which is your spiritual worship. Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind ,that by testing you may discern what is the will of God. What is good and acceptable and perfect.
Questions to discuss :
1. Do you influence your friends or do your friends influence you?
2. What are your challenges in your everyday life?
3. As a Christian how do you overcome them?
Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight, and sin which clings so closely, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our faith , who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is seated at the right hand of the throne of God.
Bahan Alkitab: Hebrews 1-10
To explore Christ’s role as the perfect Mediator, High Priest, and Substitute.
To believe that Christ is our Substitute and continually intercedes for us.
Please refer to the attached file for the complete lesson notes.
And no creature is hidden from his sight, but all are naked and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we must give account.
Bahan Alkitab: Matthew 2
Gifts for the King
The birth of Jesus Christ has been celebrated for centuries. It is one event that is celebrated by every country in the world by both the believers and non-believers, although the non-believers do not have the correct understanding of the birth of Jesus Christ. Why is Jesus Christ so extraordinary that the whole world celebrates it?
· Jesus Christ’s birth is extraordinary
· His life is extraordinary
· His death is extraordinary
· His resurrection is extraordinary
· His ascension is extraordinary
Can you think of any person in the world whose features like Christ and so to be celebrated by the whole world?
Jesus Christ’s birth was extraordinary, because His birth was planned a very long time ago, actually, outside of time and to be exact: in eternity. Our salvation is something that God had planned in eternity. To fulfil His salvation plan, God gave His promise of a Saviour:
· Genesis 3:15 – I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.
· Isaiah 9:6-7 – For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will do this.
In God’s promises, there is a covenant: Zechariah 8:8b – and they shall be my people, and I will be their God, in faithfulness and in righteousness.
Jesus Christ’s birth was extraordinary, that it is God Himself who incarnated to become human to be among us. His birth was without a human father but conceived by the Holy Spirit. Why must become a human and why virgin birth? Our Savior had to be genuinely human and truly sinless in order to be our perfect substitute and pay our penalty of guilt before God by His death. Without the virgin birth, there would be no salvation for sinners. Jesus Christ would be a sinful human being.
Jesus Christ’s birth was extraordinary that his birth was announced by the angels. The angels broke the good news for all people. It is to sinners that the angels bring good news of great joy.
We praise and thank God for sending Jesus to redeem and save us. What can we offer as our thanksgiving gift?
When Jesus Christ was born, he received very special gifts from the Magi, or wise men, who travelled from the East in search of the Christ child. The Magi brought these gifts to Christ: gold, frankincense and myrrh.
These gifts are special because not only are they valuable but also symbolised the roles that Jesus would be fulfilling: king, priest, prophet and Saviour
o a precious metal.
o The gift of gold to the Christ child was symbolic of His divinity as God and King of kings.
o The English word frankincense derives from the Old French expression franc encens, meaning “high-quality incense”. The word franc in Old French meant “noble” or “pure”.
o Frankincense is a white resin or gum. It is obtained from a tree by making incisions in the bark and allowing the gum to flow out.
o The Book of Exodus (30:34-38) prescribes frankincense, blended with equal amounts of three aromatic spices, to be ground and burnt in the sacred altar before the Ark of the Covenant in the wilderness Tabernacle, where it was meant to be a holy offering. Frankincense is a symbol of holiness and righteousness. The gift of frankincense to the Christ child was symbolic of His willingness to become a holy sacrifice, analogous to a burnt offering.
o Myrrh is also obtained from a tree in the same manner as frankincense but of different species. It was a spice and was used in embalming.
o This is to foretell Christ’s suffering and death, that Christ would pay the ultimate price when He gave His life on the cross for all who would believe in Him.
Christ as Prophet:
· In the Old Testament, a prophet is a messenger of God, who brings God’s words and teachings to man. This included both proclaiming God’s truth to others and revealing God’s plans for the future.
· Jesus is the Word of God. John 1:1-2 – In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God.
· He does not simply speak the Word of God as a mere human prophet but is Himself the Word made flesh. John 1:14 – And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.
· Jesus taught the Word of God, Jesus foretold the future, Jesus performed multiple healings and miracles.
Christ as Priest:
· In the Old Testament, a priest serves as a mediator between men and God. It was the priests who offered sacrifices for sins on behalf of the people.
· Jesus is our Mediator and our High Priest.
· 1 Timothy 2:5-6 – For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all, which is the testimony given at the proper time.
· Christ offered his own blood before the presence of God on our behalf for the forgiveness of our sins (Hebrews 1-10).
Christ as King:
· God promised David in 2 Samuel 7:16, “And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.” This promise was fulfilled in Jesus Christ.
· Jesus rules over all things, He has all authority in heaven and on earth
· Jesus is the King of kings and Lord of lords
· He conquered sin and death
· He defends us
· He preserves us
From eternity, God has loved His people. Christmas is the visible demonstration of God’s love, by sending His only Son to the world to pay the price on Calvary and bring victory as the ultimate King with His resurrection and ascension.
On Christmas day, when Christ was born in the world, it means that the Kingdom of God has come. Pak Tong taught us about the important aspects of the Kingdom of God:
· The ruler: Christ
· The people: those who have been redeemed by Christ
· The territory: this world
· The law: God’s Word
Are you part of the Kingdom of God? Are you one of God’s people? If Yes, then Jesus should be reigning fully as King in your hearts.
What can you give as a thanksgiving gift to the Creator of the universe and you, to Christ who has purchased you with His life? Let me also share with you one Christmas message shared by Pastor Adrian.
· The Magi offered valuable gifts that can’t be made, that need to go through delicate processes to become something beautiful and fragrant. What valuable gift can you offer to Christ?
· You can offer your life, the life that has been redeemed by Christ. You can’t make this new life. It is a new life that Christ has given to you. Are you willing to offer your life to Christ, let Him fully govern your life, let him purify you and use you to be something beautiful and fragrant in this world?
“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. – John 3:16
Bahan Alkitab: Luke 2, Genesis, Exodus, 1-2Samuel,Leviticus 4, Hebrew 10:1-18,Matthew 1:1
Background of the Promised Messiah.
God created Adam and Eve . God made a covenant with Adam ( Genesis 2:17). but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat ,for in the day you eat of it you shall surely die.
Adam disobeyed and they died spiritually and the punishments of the their disobedience is eternal death.
God promised to man that He will send us a saviour . Genesis 3:15
I will put enmity between you and the woman ,and between your offspring and her offspring, he shall bruise your head and you shall bruise his heel.
God keep His promise even though Man lives in Sins.
Throughout history God reveal Himself many times to His chosen people. In the Old Testament God reveal to
1.Noah ( Genesis )
2.Abraham (Genesis 12:1-3)
– He will make Abraham a great nation
– He will make Abraham’s name great
– Abraham’s offspring will be a blessing to all the world.
3.Moses (Exodus 6:7)
– I will be your God and you shall know that I am the Lord your God , who has brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians .
God save Israelites from Egypt so they can worship God.just like us we are saved from sins through our faith in Jesus Christ our saviour so that we can worship God . the israelites used the blood of the sacrificial animal and painted them on the posts of the door so the angel of the death will pass over that house , those without the blood on the post of their door will have to experience death for their firstborn son . all these pointing to Jesus Christ ,He is the lamb of God who takes away the sins of this world.
4. David ( 2 Samuel 7:13b)
I will establish the throne of His Kingdom forever.
In the New Testament Matthew 1:1, The Genealogy of Jesus Christ .
– He is the son of David.
– He is the son of Abraham
Most of all, Jesus Christ is the Son of God . Luke 1:32, Matthew 1:23.
God is faithful to His Promised.
God again promised to His Chosen people that He will send us a Saviour.
Read Luke 2:8-21.
The Shepherds , they are the marginalised group of people who are the poorest in society, but not to God ,they are the first group of people to know the good news, that Jesus Christ is born in Bethlehem. They were afraid at first but they rejoice and hurrily went to find Mary and Joseph and the baby lying in a manger. many Christmas cards show the scene of Jesus Christ lying in the manger ,looks very peaceful with the lights surrounded by angels , but we have to remember it is a manger where animals live , it is very dirty and smelly. God loves us so that He is willing to incarnate into a baby , limit himself to be borned in such place so that we may have eternal life.
what is the responses of the Shepherds?
They rejoice and excited and tell people about the good news.
There are people who are closed to God who is filled with the Holy Spirit . God also reveal himself to these people. They are Simeon and Anna. God promised to Simeon that he will see the Saviour before he died. Simeon met Jesus Christ at the temple.
And after they had performed everything according
to the Law of Lord they returned into Galilee, to their home town of Nazareth.
Lesson to be learnt: God is faithful, God reveal Himself to whoever he wants to reveal. There are People in the OT also in NT. now God reveal Himself through the Bible. it is written in the bible all that we need to know about the Birth and the life of our Lord Jesus Christ. Do we rejoice after we heard about the good news? Do we tell about Christ to other people?
we have listened to the word of God many years and are born in Christian families . Are we saved?
-Because if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.
-For with the heart one believes and is justified and with the mouth one confess and is saved.
And we have beheld and bear witness that the Father has sent the Son to be the Saviour of the World.
Bahan Alkitab: Luke 1
1. Birth of John the Baptist Foretold
2. Birth of Jesus Foretold
3. Mary’s Visit and Song of Praise
4. The Birth of John the Baptist
5. Zechariah’s Prophecy
And blessed is she who believed that there would be a fulfillment of what was spoken to her from the Lord