14/11/2020 – Titus and Philemon

Bahan Alkitab: New Testament: Titus and Philemon

Tanggal: 14/11/2020

Ringkasan:

Please see powerpoint attachment

Ayat Hafalan:

Titus 3:8; Philemon 1:25
Titus 3:8 This is a faithful saying, and these things I want you to affirm constantly, that those who have believed in God should be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable to men.
Philemon 1:25 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen

Bahan Tambahan:

Titus-and-Philemon.pptx

Guru:Sandra K

08/11/2020 – Guarding the Gospel

Bahan Alkitab: 2 Timothy

Tanggal: 08/11/2020

Ringkasan:

2 Timothy

Background:

– Written by Paul from the Mamertine prison around 66AD. After Paul was released from first Roman imprisonment (62AD) and completed his fourth missionary journey, he was imprisoned again by Emperor Nero.

– It is the last letter that Paul wrote

– Paul was put in a dungeon and chained, he knew that his life was about to end.

– Reasons why Paul wrote the letter:

o He was lonely, at least twice he requested Timothy to come to Rome to visit him. Paul called Timothy “my true son in the faith”, perhaps having led him to Christ during his first visit to Lystra where Timothy came from.

o He was concerned about the wellbeing of the churches under Nero’s persecution and so he encouraged Timothy to continue preaching the gospel, living a godly life, defending the gospel and persevering through all the hardships

o He wanted to write to the Ephesian church through Timothy. Ephesus – centre of Artemis worship.

o Parting letter from apostle Paul to sum up his 30-year ministry

Summary of Paul’s missionary journeys

1. 1st Missionary Journey (46-48AD): Paul met Timothy in Lystra and led him to faith in Christ.

2. 2nd Missionary Journey (50-52AD): Timothy started to accompany Paul in his missionary journeys.

3. 3rd Missionary Journey (53-57AD):

· Paul and Timothy make Ephesus their base for the next three years (53-56AD)

· A riot at Ephesus (Acts 19:21-39)

· Prophet Agabus prophesised that Paul would be arrested in Jerusalem

· Paul was arrested in Jerusalem, tried and appealed to Caesar, sailed to Rome

· Paul was under home imprisonment for 2 years in Rome and acquitted in 62AD

4. 4th Missionary Journey (62AD)

· He made a fourth journey after his release from the first Roman imprisonment recorded in Acts 28

· Paul left Timothy in charge of the church at Ephesus

· He wrote his first letter to Timothy and his letter to Titus in Philippi

· Paul’s itinerary was likely to be: Rome, Spain, Crete, Miletus, Colosse, Ephesus, Philippi, Nicopolis, then he returned to Rome where he was imprisoned in the Mamertine prison. He wrote his second letter to Timothy shortly before being executed in circa 67AD during the intense persecution of Jews and Christians by Nero.

God’s Church has always been under attacks on their faith since the 1st century until now the 21st century, either from inside the Church or from outside the Church.

• Internal threats

• Judaism: reject Christ, claiming that for one to be saved, he must carry out the Jewish law and adhere to the Jewish rites and tradition, such as Sabbath, circumcision, and other 613 commandments in the Torah. The main thing is to carry out the law, without that then you can’t be saved.

• Disunity: conflicts among Church members, causing disharmony and separation of Church members

• External threats

• Persecutions: by governments, by other religions

• Worldly philosophy, e.g.: Gnosticism. Followers of Gnosticism emphasised personal spiritual knowledge (gnosis) over the teachings from the Bible. They viewed material existence as flawed and evil. They claimed Jesus to be merely a human who attained enlightenment through personal spiritual knowledge and taught his disciples to do the same. There’s no teaching of sin and repentance but the objective is to reach enlightenment (to have full comprehension of a situation, to have the knowledge or wisdom, to be awakened intellect). They denied bodily resurrection.

• Different kinds of gospel, e.g. the ‘glorious’ Christ

• Free thinker: a person who forms their own ideas and opinions rather than accepting those of other people, especially in religious teaching. They believe that beliefs should instead be reached by other methods such as logic, reason, and empirical observation.

• Radicalism: a belief that society needs to be changed, and that these changes are only possible through revolutionary means; changes must be done thoroughly, starting from the root.

• Worldly views: lovers of self, lovers of money, proud, etc. (2 Tim 3:1-5).

The gospel is the power that saves, the gospel produce changed lives. It is the deposit entrusted to all Christians. Christians must guard the gospel. What does guard the gospel mean?

Guard the gospel means (2 Tim 4:2):

• preach the Word
• share with others about the gospel
• be ready in season and out of season
• in favourable situation and unfavourable situation
• Reprove, rebuke, and exhort
• not sugarcoating the word
• encourage others to stay the course, keep walking on God’s path
2 Tim 1:7 for God gave us a spirit not of fear but of power and love and self-control

How to guard the gospel:

· Live a godly life. 2 Tim 2:22 So, flee youthful passions and pursue righteousness, faith, love, and peace, along with those who call on the Lord from a pure heart.

· Explain with reasoning, patience and kindness. 2 Tim 2:24-26 And the Lord’s servant must not be quarrelsome but kind to everyone, able to teach, patiently enduring evil, correcting his opponents with gentleness. God may perhaps grant them repentance leading to a knowledge of the truth, and they may come to their senses and escape from the snare of the devil, after being captured by him to do his will.

Can we escape hardships?

· 2 Tim 3:12-13 Indeed, all who desire to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted, while evil people and impostors will go on from bad to worse, deceiving and being deceived.

How do we prepare ourselves?

· 2 Tim 3:14-17 But as for you, continue in what you have learned and have firmly believed, knowing from whom you learned it and how from childhood you have been acquainted with the sacred writings, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus. All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.

· Knowledge of the Word of God + Obedience

Put into practice:

· Be disciplined in learning the Word of God since young.

· Make it a habit, not easily exchange that with other things

· Ask questions if you don’t understand about a Bible verse

· Practice to answer kindly to those who challenge your faith, learn not to get upset, not to lose your cool.

· See if you can share a Bible verse you memorise to your friend.

Ayat Hafalan:

2 Tim 1:7
For God gave us spirit not of fear but power and love and self-control.

Guru:Lilis Ramli

18/10/2020 – Supremacy of Christ

Bahan Alkitab: Colossians

Tanggal: 18/10/2020

Ringkasan:

Colossians is also written by Apostle Paul in his imprisonment in Rome. He wrote Ephesians, Philippians ,Philemon and Colossians during Paul’s first imprisonment in Rome.

Background of Colossians Church , It is about 100 miles of Ephesus, the Gospel was proclaimed by Paul in Ephesus and Epaphras who listened and became a believer brought it to Colossae. He played the major role in the evangelism and growth of the Colossians.Epaphras either visited Paul in prison or was imprisoned with him and reported on conditions in Colossians Church.

The purpose to write this letter ( often always the case of Paul’s others letter ) like Romans, Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesus and Philippians ,to teach young Christians to grow in the right doctrine of the Gospel.
Paul emphasized on these 3 main points in its letter to Colossians:
1. The Supremacy of Jesus Christ.
2. Beware of false teachings.
3. As Christians we need to grow in the Word of God.

Who is Jesus Christ?
1. He is the creator of all creation .( Col 1:16)
Everything is created by Him, through Him and for Him.
2. He is the image of God . He is God .(Col1:15, John 1:1-2, 14)
No one has seen God . The Word became flesh and God dwelt among us ,this is in Jesus Christ who came into this World in bodily form.
3. He is the head of the Church.(Col1:18).
Not the pope. That is why the highest authority of the Church is The Scriptures. Sola Scriptura. God special revelation to us is already written in the Bible now. Jesus has ascended to Heaven and God’s word is given to us in the written Bible . 2Timothy3:16.
4. He is The Redeemer. (Col 1:20-22)
He reconcile all things to Himself ,having made peace through the blood of His cross.He sacrifice Himself so we do not have to be punished ,His death substitute our death. When we come to trust in Him, our sins are forgiven and He imputed His righteousness to us who believe in Jesus Christ. So now we can be in peace for we have received forgiveness of our sins and we are reconciled to God . We were His enemy (Col1:21),were alienated and hostile in mind, we engaged in evil deeds. All these is solely the work of Jesus Christ,nothing else. We cannot be justified by doing the laws. Galatians 2:16.
Therefore , Christians should not listen to the false teachings that is not according to The Gospel. For examples:
1.Following all religious festival (Col 2:16,17)(numbers 28:11-14)
2. Only consume permissible food and drinks.
3. Did circumcision according to Jewish Law.
4. Asceticism (Col 2:21)
5. Angel worship (Col2:18)
6. Reliance of human wisdom and tradition.

Having made peace through the blood of His Cross:
Before Christ After Christ:
-Alienated -Holy
-Hostile in mind -Blameless
-Engaged in evil deeds

How should we live now after union with Christ?
Col 3:1-4
Col 3:20
Children , Obey your parents in all things.

Let us discuss:
1. Who is the most important person in your life?
2. How is He/She compare to Jesus Christ?
3. Would you like to know more about Christ?

Ayat Hafalan:

Colossians 1:15
And he is the image of the invisible God, the first -born of all creation.

Guru:Yulies

27/09/2020 – Justified by faith alone

Bahan Alkitab: Galatians

Tanggal: 27/09/2020

Ringkasan:

Galatians

Author: Apostle Paul

Audience: churches in the southern area of the Roman province of Galatia (Antioch, Iconium, Lystra and Derbe) that Paul had founded in his first missionary journey.

When: between 48 and 49 or between 51 and 53

Purpose:

· To resist false teachers (Judaizers’ teaching) that believed a number of the ceremonial practices of the Old Testament (especially circumcision) were still binding on the New Testament church.

· To establish his apostolic authority. The Judaizers argued that Paul was not an authentic apostle and that out of a desire to make the gospel more appealing to Gentiles he had removed from the gospel certain legal requirements.

The Judaism teachers claim that we cannot be saved by only believing in Christ but must carry out the Torah laws. Why do they add the law as requirement for salvation?

– To the followers of Judaism teaching, for one to be saved, he must carry out the Jewish law and adhere to the Jewish rites and tradition, such as Sabbath, circumcision, and other 613 commandments in the Torah. The main thing is to carry out the law, without that then you can’t be saved.

– They are very proud of the Torah because it is from God Himself, other nations do not have the Torah, so they regard themselves very special.

However, this is a wrong teaching. It is by grace through faith in Jesus Christ alone that man is justified, nothing else and nothing more.

The word justified means “pronounced or treated as righteous”. If you are ‘justified’ means God declares you as ‘righteous’ and forgives your sin, so you will not be punished because of your sin.

Let me give you an illustration. Let’s say I am arrested by the police and charged with a crime. I am brought to a trial and the judge pronounces me ‘guilty as charged’. Because of this verdict, I am punished with 10 years of prison time. Like this situation, we are all born into the world with sinful natures, due to the sin of Adam. Our status is sinful, and the punishment is eternal death.

Back to my crime illustration, in order for me to be freed from the jail punishment, I need to get a very good lawyer to gather strong evidences to prove that I did not commit the crime and clear the ‘guilty’ status. But for our sinful status, the only way to clear the sinful status is by grace through faith in Jesus Christ:

– By grace means it is given by God, not something we can get ourselves

– Through faith in Jesus Christ means by believing in Jesus Christ as our Saviour.

Why only through Jesus Christ? Because Jesus Christ is the only person whose sacrifice can satisfy God. Christ died in punishment of our sins. Jesus Christ’s sacrifice on the cross covered our sins and took away our sins so that when God sees us, He no longer sees our sins but the blood of Jesus that cleansed our sins. God’s anger is turned away and He declares our status as ‘righteous’ and we no longer be punished.

There is no ritual, no sacrament, no works that can make us worthy of God’s gift of salvation.

Galatians 2:15-16 – We ourselves are Jews by birth and not Gentile sinners; yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified.

In the book of Ephesians, Apostle Paul also repeated the same: Ephesians 2:8-9 – For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast.

Talking about carrying out the Torah commandments, the only person who can fulfil the law completely is Jesus Christ. There’s no way we can perform all the commandments. Who among you can say that you love and worship only one God? That there’s not even a single moment that you do not think God as the most important? That you never lie? That you never have a bad intention or bad thoughts in your mind? That you never feel jealous of your friends? I think none of the human beings can be 100% perfect like that, except Jesus Christ.

When we believe in Christ, Christ dwell in our hearts and we live in Christ through faith. Because we are in Christ, we are saved although we cannot fulfil the law. The law does not bind us anymore, because the work of Christ to save us is complete, 100% complete.

When we believe in Christ, we have a new life. The Holy Spirit comes to live within us and enable us to bear good fruits. How do we live out our faith? How do we show up as followers of Christ? By becoming more like Jesus in the ways we think and behave, according to the guidance of the Holy Spirit, rather than behave according to sinful desires. Galatians 5:22-23 – But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control.

We do good works as the fruit of our repentance and our new life in Christ. Good fruit are produced from good tree. John 15:5 – I am the vine; you are the branches. Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing.

This is the difference between Christianity and other religions. Followers of other religions do good works as requirements to be saved. Followers of Christ do good works as a result of new life in Christ!

Do not take salvation for granted. Galatians 6:7 – Do not be deceived. God is not mocked, for whatever one sows, that will he also reap.

Galatians 6:9-10 – And let us not grow weary of doing good, for in due season we will reap, if we do not give up. So then, gas we have opportunity, let us do good to everyone, and especially to those who are of the household of faith.

Application / Group Discussion:

– What does it mean that we are made righteous by grace through faith in Jesus Christ?

– Give one or two examples of how you live out your faith by demonstrating the fruit of the holy spirit.

Ayat Hafalan:

Galatians 2:15-16
We ourselves are Jews by birth and not Gentile sinners; yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified.

Guru:Lilis Ramli

20/09/2020 – Summary of 2 Corinthians

Bahan Alkitab: 2 Corinthians

Tanggal: 20/09/2020

Ringkasan:

Jesus Christ is the one who comforts us in our suffering, reconciles us to God and gives strength in our weaknesses.

Ayat Hafalan:

2 Corinthians 8:9
For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though He was rich, yet for your sake He became poor, so that you by His poverty might become rich

Bahan Tambahan:

2-Corinthians.pdf

Guru:Didi Kurniawan

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